Section 19 of the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 2005 requires that employers and those who control workplaces to any extent must identify the hazards in the workplaces under their control and assess the risks to safety and health at work presented by these hazards, (HSA, 2017).
Hazard: Anything that has the potential to cause harm; this may have the potential to cause human injury or illness, damage to buildings or stock or harm the environment in some way. These include Physical, Ergonomic, Biological, Chemical and Psychosocial hazards.
Risk Assessment: Reviewing the likelihood of the hazard causing harm and the harmful consequences.
The identification of hazards and the assessment of risk must be documented – and as appropriate controls put in place to reduce the risk into an acceptable level.